Nations and nationalities in English can be very confusing! For example, are you Spanish or are you from Spain? Are you going to England or are you going to English?
Don't worry, many learners mix up their nations and their nationalities and it can make a conversation difficult to understand. You might talk about nations and nationalities in English when you talk about travel, your holiday plans or even when you are introducing yourself to a new business connection. It is important to learn the correct format of these words so that you sound native and natural in your conversation in English.
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Let's take a look at some examples of nations:
The nations are the places and are nouns in this instance. They state where something is or maybe even where you are from. These are always the names of the countries and you will see them on a map or in an atlas.
Try to learn as many nations as you can to speak more global English. This is especially important if you speak English when you travel or if you use English for international business. Remember, some countries may sound strange in English and they may be very different to the word in your language. Learn them well.
Here are some examples to help you see nations in practice:
A: I'm going on holiday next week.
B: Great! Where are you going?
A: I'm going to France.
B: I love France! I also like travelling to Spain, have you been to Spain?
A: No, I have never been to Spain.
B: Oh, you must go. Spain has some fantastic cities like Madrid and Barcelona.
A: Hopefully next time I will get to visit Spain. I would also like to go to Italy.
B: Italy is a beautiful country with so much to see. Maybe we should go together!
Let's take a look at some examples of nationalities:
Nationalities are used as adjectives. They state someone's citizenship or the origin of something. You can use nationalities to talk about a language, a culture and many other products of a country.
Do your best to learn the different nationalities so that you can describe things accurately. These is very useful when talking about someone from another country or perhaps a delicious dish or drink that you tried from another country.
Here are some examples to help you see nationalities in real situations:
A: I'm going to visit my friend next week.
B: Great! Where is your friend from? Do I know them?
A: No, my friend is French and he doesn't live here.
B: Can you speak French? I hear that it is a very difficult language to learn.
A: It's not too bad! I speak French pretty well. I think that Spanish is harder to learn.
B: Actually, I speak Spanish and I think it is a very natural language. You should try it.
A: I would love to learn Spanish. I've also been thinking about taking some Italian classes
B: Italian looks like a very interesting language. Maybe we could take the classes together.
It's important to learn both of these concepts so that you can speak accurately in English around the world. Remember that if you are trying to describe something from a country or the origin of something then you will need to use the nationality. If you want to state the name of a country, then you will need to use the nation. Once you practice these often, they will become very easy to remember and you will be able to speak more naturally in English.
Here is a reminder of how we convert our example nations into nationalities:
France changes to French
Spain changes to Spanish
Italy changes to Italian
Here are some additional examples:
Luxembourg changes to Luxembourgish
Portugal changes to Portuguese
Belgium changes to Belgian
Senegal changes to Senegalese
Poland changes to Polish
Brazil changes to Brazilian
Cyprus changes to Cypriot
Bosnia changes to Bosnian
Ireland changes to Irish
Mexico changes to Mexican
Argentina changes to Argentinian (people) and Argentine (things)
You will notice that there are some irregular forms in this list and it pays to learn them well. As with many parts of the English language, there are some forms that do not follow a regular pattern and there is no shortcut to learn them. Practice, practice and practice again until you have it stored in your memory.
To sum up, it is important to learn nationalities and nations in English as well as you can. As with anything in language, you must practice regularly and test your knowledge when you can. Repeating something over and over again helps you to learn it well.
Start today, by noting down and learning the different nations and nationalities from around the world. If you travel regularly or conduct international business, try to learn the nationalities and nations that you visit regularly. This knowledge could be very important to you in future interactions.
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